- Social forestry term was 1st used by National commission on Agriculture in 1976.
- Aim – taking off pressure from forests and making use of all unused and fallow land (by
raising plantations so as to meet the growing demand for 5Fs, thereby reducing the
pressure on the traditional forest area)
- Government forest areas that are close to human settlement and have been degraded
over the years due to human activities needed to be afforested.
- Trees were to be planted in and around agricultural fields, railway lines and roadsides,
and river and canal banks.
- Both commercial and non commercial farm forestry is promoted.
- Individual farmers are being encouraged to plant trees on their own farmland to
- Not all farmers need 5Fs from trees. They can plant trees for providing shade for the
agricultural crops, as wind shelters, soil conservation or to use wasteland.
- Raising trees on community land.
- Aim – to provide for the entire community and not for any individual.
- Here government takes responsibilty of providing seedlings, fertilizer but the
responsibility of protecting the trees is taken by communities.
- It is increasing the boundaries of forests i.e. planting of trees on the sides of roads,
canals and railways, along with planting on wastelands.
- Raising of trees with the major objective of recreation alone.
- Planting of trees on and around agricultural boundaries, and on marginal, private
lands, in combination with agricultural crops is known as agro-forestry.
National Bamboo Mission
- Implemented by – Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of
- To harness the potential of bamboo crop.
- It is the sub scheme of 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme called Mission for Integrated
Development of Horticulture (MIDH).
- Growth – To promote the growth of the bamboo sector through as an area based regionally differentiated
- Coverage – To ↑ the coverage of area under bamboo in potential areas, with improved varieties to enhance
- Marketing – To promote marketing of bamboo and bamboo based handicrafts.
- Convergence– To establish convergence and synergy among stake-holders for the development of bamboo.
- Technologies – To promote, develop and disseminate technologies through a seamless blend of traditional wisdom and modern scientific knowledge.
- Employment – To generate employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed
|To achieve the objectives, the Mission would adopt the following strategies:|
Bamboo growing areas in India
- 28% of area and 66% of growing stock of bamboo in
- 20% of area and 12% of growing stock in MP &
Current Usage of Bamboo
The Market for Bamboo
Decorative and shuttering plywood, various board products such as block board, wafer
board, strip board, laminated boards, roofing sheets
Earthquake-resistant and long-lasting conventional housing and buildings. Two-floored
Improved roads, bridges, culverts, retaining walls
Water-tanks, biogas plants, telephone/electricity poles
Furniture; fuel-wood, charcoal and briquettes, active carbon
Matchsticks, agarbattis, toothpicks, skewer sticks, etc
Schooling: pencils, rulers, blackboards
Pulp and paper, particle board, MDF, handicrafts
Prevent landslides, soil and riverbank erosion
Bamboo shoots as food.