Social forestry and National Bamboo Mission for UPSC

Social forestry and National Bamboo Mission for UPSC

Social forestry and National Bamboo Mission

Social forestry 

  • Social forestry term was 1st used by National commission on Agriculture in 1976.
  • Aim – taking off pressure from forests and making use of all unused and fallow land (by
    raising plantations so as to meet the growing demand for 5Fs, thereby reducing the
    pressure on the traditional forest area)
  • Government forest areas that are close to human settlement and have been degraded
    over the years due to human activities needed to be afforested.
  • Trees were to be planted in and around agricultural fields, railway lines and roadsides,
    and river and canal banks.
Social forestry

Farm forestry

  • Both commercial and non commercial farm forestry is promoted.
  • Individual farmers are being encouraged to plant trees on their own farmland to
    meet 5Fs.
  • Not all farmers need 5Fs from trees. They can plant trees for providing shade for the
    agricultural crops, as wind shelters, soil conservation or to use wasteland.

Community forestry

  • Raising trees on community land.
  • Aim – to provide for the entire community and not for any individual.
  • Here government takes responsibilty of providing seedlings, fertilizer but the
    responsibility of protecting the trees is taken by communities.

Extension forestry

  • It is increasing the boundaries of forests i.e. planting of trees on the sides of roads,
    canals and railways, along with planting on wastelands.

Recreational forestry

  • Raising of trees with the major objective of recreation alone.

Agro- forestry

  • Planting of trees on and around agricultural boundaries, and on marginal, private
    lands, in combination with agricultural crops is known as agro-forestry.

National Bamboo Mission

  • Implemented by – Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of
    Agriculture.
  • To harness the potential of bamboo crop.
  • It is the sub scheme of 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme called Mission for Integrated
    Development of Horticulture (MIDH).

Objectives

  • GrowthTo promote the growth of the bamboo sector through as an area based regionally differentiated
    strategy.
  • CoverageTo ↑ the coverage of area under bamboo in potential areas, with improved varieties to enhance
    yields.
  • MarketingTo promote marketing of bamboo and bamboo based handicrafts.
  • Convergence– To establish convergence and synergy among stake-holders for the development of bamboo.
  • Technologies –  To promote, develop and disseminate technologies through a seamless blend of traditional wisdom and modern scientific knowledge.
  • EmploymentTo generate employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed
    youths.

Mission strategy

To achieve the objectives, the Mission would adopt the following strategies:
National Bamboo Mission

Bamboo growing areas in India

  • 28% of area and 66% of growing stock of bamboo in
    NE region.
  • 20% of area and 12% of growing stock in MP &
    Chhattisgarh.
S
No.
State/region Area % Growing
stock %
1 North East 28.0 66
2 Madhya Pradesh 20.3 12
3 Maharashtra 9.9 5
4 Orissa 8.7 7
5 Andhra Pradesh 7.4 2
6 Karnataka 5.5 3
7 Others 20.2 5

 

Current Usage of Bamboo



Paper 2.5 M T
Internal Consumption 1.35 M T
Scaffolding (white color) 3.40 M T
Illegal exports to BD &
Myanmar
1.7 M T
Handicrafts 2.55 M T
Miscellaneous 1.97 M T

 

The Market for Bamboo

Decorative and shuttering plywood, various board products such as block board, wafer
board, strip board, laminated boards, roofing sheets
Earthquake-resistant and long-lasting conventional housing and buildings. Two-floored
rural houses.
Improved roads, bridges, culverts, retaining walls
Water-tanks, biogas plants, telephone/electricity poles
Furniture; fuel-wood, charcoal and briquettes, active carbon
Matchsticks, agarbattis, toothpicks, skewer sticks, etc
Schooling: pencils, rulers, blackboards
Pulp and paper, particle board, MDF, handicrafts
Prevent landslides, soil and riverbank erosion
Bamboo shoots as food.

The Market for Bamboo

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