Sea turtle and Indian crocodile conservation Project [UPSC]

Sea turtle and Indian crocodile conservation Project [UPSC]

Sea turtle and Indian crocodile conservation Project

Sea turtle Project

Olive ridley turtle
Olive ridley turtle

Which one of the following is the national aquatic animal of India?
(a) Saltwater crocodile
(b) Olive ridley turtle
(c) Gangetic dolphin
(d) Gharial
Prelims 2015

A significant proportion of world’s Olive Ridley Turtle population migrates every winter
to Indian coastal waters for nesting mainly at eastern coast.
Implementation by – MoEF&CC + UNDP + WII
o (Min. of environment, forest and climate change) (Wildlife institute of India)
Objective – conservation of olive ridley turtles and other 
endangered marine turtles.
Implemented in 10 coastal states of the country with special emphasis in State of
The project has helped in –

  • o Preparation of inventory map of breeding sites of Sea Turtles
    o Identification of nesting and breeding habitats along the shore line
    o Migratory routes taken by Sea Turtles
    o Development of guidelines to safeguard and minimize turtle mortality,
    o Development of national and international cooperative and collaborative action
    for Sea Turtle Conservation
    o Developing guideline plans for tourism in sea turtle areas and developing
    infrastructure and human resources for Sea Turtle Conservation.

One of the important achievements – demonstration of use of Satellite Telemetry to
locate the migratory route of Olive Ridley
Turtles in the sea and sensitizing the
and State Government for the use of Turtle Exclusion Device (TED) in fishing
trawlers to check turtle mortality in fishing net.

Indian crocodile conservation project

Implemented by – GoI + state govt. + UNDP/FAO.
Launched in – 1975
This project had saved crocodiles from extinction and placed them on good path of

Sea turtle and Indian crocodile conservation Project


Protect the remaining population of crocodilians in their natural habitat.
To rebuild natural, population quickly through ‘grow and release’ or ‘rear and release’
To promote captive breeding,
To take-up research to improve management.
To build up a level of trained personnel for better continuity of the project.
To involve the local people in the project intimately.

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