REDD and REDD PLUS [UPSC]

REDD and REDD PLUS [UPSC]

REDD and REDD+ (plus)

REDD and REDD+

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is a mechanism
that has been under negotiation by the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) since 2005, with the objective of mitigating climate change
through reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest
management in developing countries.
REDD+ goes beyond merely checking deforestation and forest degradation and includes
incentives for positive elements of conservation, sustainable management of forests
and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.

Will India Benefit from REDD+?

India’s sustained efforts for conserving and expanding its forest and tree resources have the
possibility of being rewarded for providing carbon service to the international community in
addition to providing traditional goods and services to the local communities.

  • The incentives so received from REDD+ would be passed to the local communities
    involved n the protection and management of forests. This will ensure sustained
    protection of our forests against deforestation.
  • It is estimated that a REDD+ program for India could provide capture of more than 1
    billion tonnes of additional CO2 over the next 3 decades and provide more than $3
    billion as carbon service incentives under REDD+.

India’s Position on REDD And REDD+

  • India believes REDD needs to be seen in the broader context of REDD+, not in isolation
    or in a truncated form since reduction of deforestation, and conservation and
    improvement of forests are two sides of the same coin, and so should treated at par.
  • India’s stand was finally accepted in 13th Meeting of the conference of the Parties (COP
    13) at Bali when elements of conservation, sustainable management of forests and
    enhancement of forest carbon stocks were added to the then existing text of reducing
    deforestation and forest degradation as part of Bali Action Plan.

India initiatives related to REDD+

India has made a submission to UNFCCC on “REDD, Sustainable Management of
Forest(SMF) and Afforestation and Reforestation (A&R)” in December 2008
A Technical Group has been set up to develop methodologies and procedures to assess
and monitor contribution of REDD+ actions
A national REDD+ Coordinating Agency is being established
A National Forest Carbon Accounting Programme is being institutionalized
Study on the impact of climate change on India’s forests assigned to the Indian Network
for Climate Change Assessment (INCCA), has been released in November 2010.
There is likely to be an increase in Net Primary Productivity (NPP) ranging from20- 57 %.

REDD and REDD+

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