Kashmir stag is also known as Hangul.
It is a subspecies of Central Asian Red Deer native to northern India.
State animal of Jammu & Kashmir.
This deer lives in groups of two to 18 individuals in dense riverine forests, high valleys,
and mountains of the Kashmir valley and northern Chamba in Himachal Pradesh.
In Kashmir – found in Dachigam National Park (3,035 meters’ elevation)
Threats – habitat destruction, over-grazing by domestic livestock and poaching.
Once they were 5000 but remained just 150 by 1970.
However, the state of Jammu & Kashmir, along with the IUCN and the WWF prepared
a project for the protection of these animals. It was known as Project Hangul. This
brought great result.
Captive breeding means that members of a wild species are captured, then bred and
raised in a special facility under the care of wildlife biologists and other expert.
This may be the last chance to preserve a species in the wild in these situations –
- o When a population drops dangerously
o When all of the existing habitat is poor quality or other environmental problems
o When the existing habitat is fragmented.
o When we need to acquire knowledge about specie.
E.g. captive breeding of lion tailed macaque in Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Chennai
and in mysore zoo.
National aquatic animal
Inhabits the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Kamaphuli-Sangu river systems of
Nepal, India, and Bangladesh.
Listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act (1972).
It is among the 4 “obligate” freshwater dolphins found in the world – the other three are
- o ‘Baiji’ found in the Yangtze River (China)
o ‘Bhulan‘ of the Indus (Pakistan)
o ‘Boto‘ of the Amazon River (Latin America).
Although there are several species of marine dolphins whose ranges include some
freshwater habitats, these four species live only in rivers and lakes.
Chinese river dolphin – extinct
Threats – river water pollution and siltation, accidental entanglement in fishing nets and
poaching for their oil, alterations to the rivers in the form of barrages and dams are