One Horn Rhino : Indian rhinoceros [UPSC]

One Horn Rhino : Indian rhinoceros [UPSC]

One Horn Rhino

Implemented by – Department of environment and forests, Assam
with Bodo autonomous council as an active partner.
Supported by – WWF – India, International Rhino foundation (IRF),
save the rhino’s campaign of zoological institutions worldwide and
number of local NGOs.

Vision –

o To increase the total rhino foundation in Assam from about 2000 to 3000 by
2020.
o To ensure that these rhinos are distributed over at least 7 protected areas (PA)
to provide long term viability of the one-horned rhino population.

One Horn Rhino

Q.) Why they need to be distributed?

Concentration at one place exposes to risk like –
  • Calamities (flood, massive poaching attempts)
  • Competition for food, habitat
  • Increased human-rhino conflicts.
Project partners – Assam Forest Department, the Bodoland Territorial Council, WWF,
IRF, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service
Location – Kaziranga, Orang and Manas National Parks and Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary in
Assam, India
Species – Greater one-horned rhinos
Habitat – Grasslands and shrub lands on the southern base of the Himalayas
Activities – Anti-poaching, monitoring, translocations and community conservation
Translocating rhinos will help to create a viable population this threatened species.

 

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