CEPI, LaBL, Ecomark, USERS, BCRLIP, National Clean Energy Fund
Comprehensive Environmental Pollution Index (CEPI)
- Developed by – CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board)
- It is a rational number to characterize the environmental quality at a given location
following the algorithm of source, pathway and receptor have been developed.
- It captures the various dimensions of environment including air, water and land.
- CPCB uses CEPI nation wide for environmental assessment of Industrial Clusters and
formulate remedial Action Plans for the identified critically polluted areas.
- It acts as an early warning tool. It can help in categorizing the industrial clusters in terms
of priority of planning needs for interventions.
- After receiving the proposals from state governments and concerned stake holders the
CPCB revised concept of CEPI by eliminating the subjective factors but retaining the
factors which can be measured precisely.
Classification of Industrial clusters
|>70||Critically polluted||Detailed investigations and appropriate|
|60-70||Severely polluted||Surveillance and implementation of|
- Effective implementation of remedial action plan → help in pollution abatement +
restore environment quality
- Polluted industrial clusters/areas shall be further explored so that extent of ecological
damages can be identified.
Q.) What more can be improved?
- Consistency in pollution monitoring data.
- Selection of sampling locations for the environmental monitoring.
- Collection of data on adverse impact on human population and other geo-ecological
features due to industrial pollution.
Lighting a billion lives (LaBL)
- By – TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute)
- It is a global initiative to facilitate clean energy access and the delivery of last mile
energy services for basic and productive use.
- The initiative enables energy poor communities to transition from traditional and
inefficient energy sources to modern, more efficient and sustainable energy solutions.
Vision – To enable a billion lives the access to clean, affordable and reliable energy solutions.
Mission – To create sustainable energy provisioning value chains and last mile delivery
networks supported by technological innovations, capacity building, awareness and
- To replace inefficient and harmful lighting and cooking methods with efficient, affordable and reliable clean energy alternatives.
- To enable the productive use of clean energy for enhanced education, better health and improved livelihood opportunities – thereby empowering the poor to escape
the poverty trap.
- To facilitate access and adoption of demand responsive solutions at the last mile through capacity building and enterprise development.
- It is a scheme on labelling of Environment Friendly Products.
- It operates on a national basis and provide accredition and labelling for household and other consumer products which meet certain environmental criteria along with quality requirements of the Indian Standards for that product.
- The Label shall be known as the “ECOMARK“.
• To provide an incentive for manufacturers and importers to reduce adverse
environmental impact of products.
• To reward genuine initiatives by companies to reduce adverse environmental impact of
• To assist consumers to become environmentally responsible in their daily lives by
providing information to take account of environmental factors in their purchase decisions.
• To encourage citizens to purchase products which have less harmful environmental
• Ultimately to improve the quality of the environment and to encourage the sustainable
management of resources.
Urban Services Environmental Rating System (USERS)
Project funded by – UNDP
Executed by – MoEF (Ministry of Environment and Forests)
Implemented by – TERI
Aim – to develop an analytical tool to measure the performance, with respect to delivery
of basic services in local bodies of Delhi and Kanpur. (identified as pilot cities).
Performance measurement (PM) tool was developed through a set of performance
measurement indicators that are benchmarked against set targets using the inputsoutputs efficiency outcomes framework.
Biodiversity Conservation & Rural Livelihood Improvement Project (BCRLIP)
Aim – conserving Biodiversity in selected landscapes (including wildlife protected
areas/critical conservation areas) while improving rural livelihoods through participatory
As we have read in JFM (Joint forest management), JFM and eco-development are
models of new approaches to provide benefits to both conservation and local
This project wants to extend itself to other global significant sites in the country so that
it can create linkages between conservation and local communities living near
biodiversity rich areas.
Will be implemented as – CSS (Centrally Sponsored Scheme)
Financiers – IDA loan, GEF grant, contributions from GoI, State governments and
National Clean Energy Fund
This fund created for funding research and innovative projects in clean energy
technologies of public sector or private sector entities.
It is non lapsable fund under Public Accounts.
Creation of NCEF was announced in the Union Budget 2010-11.
Q.) Why is it introduced or need of this fund?
Alarming levels of pollution in the country.
On the ‘principle of Polluter pays’.
Aim – to fund the entrepreneurial ventures and research towards the clean energy
Source of finance
Clean energy cess on coal produced or imported in India has been introduced. It is
Rs.200 per tonne of coal.
Inter-ministerial group (IMG) will approve the projects/schemes eligible for the fund.
Eligible project/scheme – those who adopt to clean energy technology and research &
development. (solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, Silicon manufacturing, coal gasification,
coal bed methane, shale oil, hydrogen/fuel cells, hybrid vehicles, advanced computing,
nuclear technology and NAPCC projects etc.)
Criticism of NCEF
| Fund is not able to achieve the objective behind the creation.|
| Main reason is underutilization.|
Only 1/8th of the amount collected has been disbursed.
It is also criticized on the manner of utilization and the administration of Fund.