Geography Syllabus for upsc prelims and mains 2019

Geography Syllabus for upsc prelims and mains: Geography is the most important subject in UPSC Prelims as well as Mains Examination. This includes the physical, social and economic geography of India and the world.

Geography syllabus for upsc Prelims

  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change
geography syllabus for upsc prelims

Geography syllabus for upsc Mains

1. Salient features of the world’s physical geography

 Geomorphology
a) Meaning & Scope of Geomorphology
b) Internal Structure of Earth
c) The Theory of Continental Drift
d) Plate Tectonics theory
e) Rocks
f) Classification of Forces affecting the landforms
g) Mountain Building
h)Earthquakes & Tsunamis
i) Volcanism
j) Plains and Plateau

 Oceanography
a) Ocean Bottom Relief
b) Temperature and Salinity of Ocean Waters
c) Ocean Currents
d) Tides
e) Coral Reefs
f) Geopolitical importance of the Indian Ocean

 Climatology
a) Earth’s Atmosphere
b) Weather and Climate
c) Air Mass, Fronts & Cyclones
d) Climatic division of India

2. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)
• Distribution of soil
• Distribution of minerals
• Distribution of rivers
• Distribution of crops

3. Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
• Introduction
• Primary sector and locations
• Secondary sector and locations
• Tertiary sector and locations
• Issues in industrial development
• GOI steps
• Recommendations

4.Important Geophysical phenomena
• Earthquakes
• Tsunami
• Volcanic activity
• Cyclone etc.

5. Geographical features and their location
• Mountains
• Plains
• Plateaus
• Other features
• Degradation due to human activities

6. Changes in critical geographical features
• Human impact on geographical features as climate change, ocean acidification, water depletion, pollution, deforestation, desertification, erosion.

Geography syllabus for upsc Mains

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