- EEAT is a flagship scheme of the MoEF for enhancing the understanding of people at all levels about the relationship between human beings and the environment and to
develop capabilities/skills to improve and protect the environment.
- Launched in 1983-84 (during 6th FYP)
- Basic objective – to promote environmental awareness among all sections of the society and to mobilize people’s participation for preservation and conservation of
To promote environmental awareness among all sections of the society To spread environment education, especially in the non-formal system among different sections of
To facilitate the development of education/training materials and aids in the formal education sector To promote environmental education through existing educational/scientific/research institutions To ensure training and manpower development for environmental education, awareness, and training To encourage non-governmental organizations, mass media and other concerned organizations for
promoting awareness about environmental issues among the people at all levels
To use different media including films, audio, visual and print, theatre, drama, advertisements,
hoarding, posters, seminars, workshops, competitions, meetings, etc. for spreading messages
concerning environment and awareness
To mobilize people’s participation for preservation and conservation of the environment.
National Environment Awareness Campaign (NEAC)
- Launched in 1986.
- Objective – creating environmental awareness at the national level.
- It is a multi-media campaign which utilizes conventional and non-conventional methods of communication for disseminating environmental messages.
- It is conducted every year on specific themes selected by MoEF.
- Implemented through the designated Regional Resource Agencies (RRAs) for specific
states/regions of the country.
- In this campaign, nominal financial assistance is provided to NGOs, schools, colleges,
universities, research institutes, women and youth organizations, army units,
government departments etc. from all over the country for conducting awareness
raising and action-oriented activities.
Eco-clubs (National Green Corps)
- National Green Corps (NGC) is a programme of the MoEF.
- Environmental activity in schools is promoted through the National Green Corps Eco-club.
- Each NGC School Eco Club has 30 to 50 NGC Students or NGC Cadets who form the National Green Corps.
- These NGC Students participate in activities related to Biodiversity Conservation, Water Conservation, Energy Conservation, Waste Management and Land Use Planning and
1. To make children understand the environment and environmental problems.
2. To provide environmental education opportunities for school children.
3. To utilize the unique position of school children as conduits for awareness of the society
4. To facilitate children’s participation in decision making in areas related to environment
5. To bring children into direct contact with the environmental problems facing the
society they live in and make them think of solutions.
6. To involve children in action based programmes related to the environment in their
GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment)
- GLOBE Program is an international science and education program that provides
students and the public worldwide with the opportunity to participate in data collection and the scientific process, and contribute meaningfully to our understanding of the Earth system and global environment.
- India joined this programme in 2009.
A worldwide community of students, teachers, scientists, and citizens working together
to better understand, sustain, and improve Earth’s environment at local, regional, and
- To promote the teaching and learning of science, enhance environmental literacy and
stewardship, and promote scientific discovery.
- This programme, which unites students, teachers, and scientists all over the world, is
aimed at school children.
- The students of GLOBE schools are required to collect data about various basic
environmental parameters under the supervision of a GLOBE-trained teacher and use it for explaining hypothesis as well as to enhance their scientific understanding of the
Mangroves for the future
It is a partner-led initiative to promote investment in coastal ecosystem conservation for
Co-chaired by – IUCN and UNDP, MFF
Vision – “To promote healthy coastal ecosystems through a partnership-based, people
focused and policy-relevant approach that builds and applies knowledge, empowers
communities and other stakeholders, enhances governance, secures livelihoods, and
increases resilience to natural hazards and climate change.”
It provides a platform for collaboration among the many different agencies, sectors, and
countries which are addressing challenges to coastal ecosystem and livelihood issues.
The initial focus was on the countries that were worst affected by the tsunami – India,
Indonesia, Maldives, Seychelles, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
More recently it has expanded to include Bangladesh, Cambodia, Myanmar, Pakistan,
and Viet Nam.
Member countries – India, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar,
Seychelles, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.
Outreach countries – Bangladesh, Cambodia, Myanmar, Timor-Leste.
Dialogue countries – Kenya, Malaysia, Tanzania.
Mangroves are the flagship of the initiative, but MFF is inclusive of all types of coastal
ecosystem, such as coral reefs, estuaries, lagoons, sandy beaches, sea grasses and
Science Express – Biodiversity Special (SEBS)
- It is a train just like other trains but it didn’t have seats or berths.
- It has lots of models, images to show the importance of biodiversity in our life
- It is a unique collaborative initiative of Department of Science and Technology (DST),
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and Ministry of Railway.
- The unique mobile expo was launched in October 2007 by DST and since then it has
traveled about 122, 000 km across India in seven phases of 6-7 months’ duration each.
- The previous three phases/runs of “Science Express” were rolled out as a joint initiative of DST and MoEFCC as Biodiversity Special and showcased the myriad “Biodiversity of India”. (As present phase is based on climate change)
- More than 1.33 crore (13.3 million) people, primarily students and teachers have visited “Science Express”.
- It has thus become the largest, the longest running and the most visited mobile science exhibition in India.
National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP)
- Launched in 2013
- Objective – to achieve national fuel security by promoting hybrid and electric vehicles in the country.
- Target – to achieve 6-7 million sales of hybrid and electric vehicles year on year from
2020 onwards. (Govt. will provide fiscal and monetary incentives)
- It is expected to save 9500 Million Liters of crude oil equivalent to Rs. 62000 Cr. savings.
- The government has launched the scheme namely Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of
(Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles (FAME India)under NEMMP 2020 in the Union Budget for 2015-16
- The higher cost of Electric Vehicles
- Challenges in battery technology
- Consumer mindset
- Inadequate government support