Wildlife of India

Wildlife of India Himalayan Mountain System West Himalayas have low rainfall, heavy snowfall (temperate conditions), whereas, in the eastern Himalayas, there is heavy rainfall, snowfall only at very high altitudes, whereas…

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Hazardous Waste
Hazardous Waste

Hazardous Waste

Hazardous Waste  Any substance that is present in the environment or released into the environment causing substantial damage to public health and welfare of the environment is calledhazardous substance.…

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Solid Wastes
Solid Wastes

Solid Wastes

 Solid wastes or municipal solid wastes generally comprise paper, food wastes, plastics,glass, metals, rubber, leather, textile, etc. Open-burning reduces the volume of the wastes, although it is generally not…

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Soil Pollution
Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution: Environment for UPSC Soil pollution is defined as the 'addition of substances to the soil, which adversely affects physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and reduces its…

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Bioremediation

Bioremediation  Bioremediation is the use of microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) to degrade theenvironmental contaminants into less toxic forms. The microorganisms may be indigenous to a contaminated area or they…

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Aquatic Ecosystem
Aquatic Ecosystems

Aquatic Ecosystem

Aquatic Ecosystems for UPSC Aquatic ecosystems refer to plant and animal communities occurring in water bodies. Aquatic ecosystems are classified on the basis of salinity into following types: Fresh water…

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