Animal Welfare Board of India [UPSC]

Animal Welfare Board of India [UPSC]

The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) :

  • A statutory advisory body on Animal Welfare Laws.
  • Promotes animal welfare in the country.
  • Established in 1962 under Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (to avoid any
    confusion between 1960 and 1962 in prelims please remember these years carefully)
  • It prevents the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals.
Consider the following statements –

1. Animal Welfare Board of India is established under the
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
2. National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body.
3. National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

  • It was started under the stewardship of Late Smt. Rukmini Devi Arundale (well-known humanitarian)
  • Advising GoI on animal welfare laws.
  • Promotes animal welfare in India.
  • It is the first of its kind to be established by any government in the world.
The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI)

Functions

To keep the law in force in India for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals under constant
study
To take all such steps as the Board may think fit –
  • For amelioration of animals by encouraging, or providing for the construction of
    sheds, water troughs and the like and by providing for veterinary assistance to
    animals.
  • To ensure that unwanted animals are destroyed by local authorities, whenever it
    is necessary to do so, either instantaneously or after being rendered insensible
    to pain or suffering.

To co-operate with, and coordinate the work of associations or bodies established for
the purpose of preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals or for the protection
of animals and birds.

Advisory

• To advise the government on the amendments to be undertaken in any such law
from time to time.
• To advise the Central Government on the making of rules under the Act so that
preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals (specially when they are being
transported from one place to another or when they are used as performing
animals or when they are kept in captivity or confinement)
• To advise the Government on any matter connected with –

  • Animal welfare or the Prevention of infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on
    animals.
  • Medical care and attention which may be provided in animal hospitals, and to
    give financial and other assistance to animal hospitals whenever the Board thinks
    it is necessary to do so.

• To advise the Government or any local authority or another person –

  • On improvements in the design of vehicles so as to lessen the burden on draught
    animals.
  • In the design of slaughterhouses or the maintenance of slaughterhouses or in
    connection with the slaughter of animals so that unnecessary pain or suffering,
    whether physical or mental, is eliminated in the pre-slaughter stages as far as
    possible, and animals are killed, wherever necessary, in as humane a manner as
    possible.

Financial assistance

• To encourage by the grant of financial assistance or otherwise, the formation or
establishment of Pinjarapoles, rescue homes, animals shelters, sanctuaries and the
like, where animals and birds may find a shelter when they have become old and
useless or when they need protection.
• To give financial assistance and other assistance to Animal Welfare Organisations
functioning in any local area or to encourage the formation of Animal Welfare
Organizations in any local area which shall work under the general supervision and
guidance of the Board.

Awareness

• To impart education in relation to the humane treatment of animals and to
encourage the formation of public opinion against the infliction of unnecessary
pain or suffering to animals and for the promotion of animal welfare by means of
lectures books, posters, cinematographic exhibitions and the like.

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